What is with clause in Python for? How to use it?
In this article, we’ll learn what the with clause is in Python, a statement that is used to make code cleaner and more readable.
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The with statement is used to ensure the completion of acquired resources.
For example: when a file is opened, we can use try and finally, to execute our logic and then close the file
However, some code errors could result in the instruction to close the file not being executed, causing the resources to still be allocated to it.
Therefore, the with instruction was provided, which performs this same operation in a simple way, which guarantees the closure of allocated resources
Let’s see in practice the comparison of both ideas:
# with try and finally try: f = open("teste.txt", "w") f.write("Testando escrita") finally: f.close() # with clause with open("teste2.txt", "w") as f: f.write("Testando escrita com with")
See that using with we use fewer lines, that is, pythonic code
In addition, we guarantee that the resources to open the file are returned to the machine
The version applying with makes f.close() unnecessary because of that, at the end of the instruction the file will be closed
In this article, we’ve learned what is the with clause in Python
The instruction will save us code, observing that we no longer need to close files
And it works precisely in this sense, to simplify things and return the resources allocated to the machine.
Preventing us from any logic or program errors
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