Python: what is the difference between append and extend in a list?
In this article, you will learn the difference between append and extend in a list, methods that are often used when working with lists in Python.
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When working with lists in Python we have two methods that look very similar: append and extend
But they have some subtle differences, append takes an iterable as a parameter
We can describe iterable as a data type that has several elements that can be iterated, a list for example
This iterable argument expands the list, adding the elements to the end, let’s see an example:
listA = [1,2,3,4,5] listB = [6,7,8] listA.extend(listB) print(listA)
This way each of the elements of listB will be added to the end of listA, let’s see the result:
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
In turn, append will simply add the entire element to the end of the list.
Regardless of the data type or if it is an iterable, check it out:
listC = [1,2,3,4,5] wordA = 'test' listC.append(wordA) print(listC) listD = [99,100] listC.append(listD) print(listC)
See that even adding another iterable, Python simply added it into the list as if it were another element, as shown in the result:
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 'test'] [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 'test', [99, 100]]
So, regardless of the data type, append will place the element in its final list and in the last position
Now it’s easier to choose one of them, right? 😀
In this article we learnde the difference between append and extend in a list
Basically append will add any element to the end of your list
The extend already takes an iterable as an argument, and adds each of these elements of the iterable to the end of the list
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